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Wage growth may be slowing from ‘breakneck’ pace

A Now Hiring sign hangs in front of a Winn-Dixie grocery store on Dec. 3, 2021 in Miami.
Joe Raedle | Getty Images

The rapid pace of pay increases that characterized the labor market for much of last year may be starting to slow down.

Wage growth among private-sector jobs slowed to 1.2% in the fourth quarter of 2021 from 1.4% in the third quarter, according to U.S. Department of Labor data issued Friday.

That pace is still fast; it translates to a roughly 5% annual raise for workers, well above the pre-pandemic trend around 3%, according to Nick Bunker, economic research director for North America at the Indeed Hiring Lab.

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The deceleration suggests businesses are having any easier time finding workers — and therefore may not feel the need to bid up wages as rapidly to attract talent in 2022.

“The Q4 data hints at a slowdown,” Bunker said. “In combination with other data, it suggests the breakneck speed of wage growth we saw in summer and early fall may not be the pace we see moving forward.”

“Slowing down from 120 miles per hour to 90 miles per hour is slowing down,” he added. “But you’re still hitting 90, which is pretty quick.”

A further slowdown could be unwelcome news for workers. Inflation has been running at its fastest pace in decades, eroding the large raises workers have gotten.

If wage growth continues to decelerate while the cost of living doesn’t, the trend may eat into their paychecks even more. However, if inflation moderates in 2022 and wage growth plateaus at current levels, workers may ultimately experience a net raise, Bunker said.

Hiring getting easier?

Demand for workers surged last year as the U.S. economy emerged from its pandemic hibernation.

Job openings soared to record levels as business’ craving for workers outstripped the ready supply of labor. Millions of Americans have stayed on the sidelines, largely due to ongoing pandemic health fears, care responsibilities at home and early retirements among older workers, according to economists. Other factors like elevated household savings and employee burnout also likely played a role, they said.

Employees also began quitting in record numbers — a trend that came to be known as the “Great Resignation” — as Americans re-evaluated their work lives and many were confident they could find better, higher-paying jobs elsewhere.

The recent Labor Department wage data suggests those hiring challenges have somewhat eased.

“Relatively, it’s not as hard to hire than it was, say, back in September or August for some sectors,” Bunker said.

Wages have jumped most for low-paying, in-person jobs among sectors like leisure and hospitality (hotels, restaurants, bars), and those like brick-and-mortar retail stores that also had pronounced pandemic-related shutdowns, Bunker said.

Pay growth among leisure and hospitality jobs fell to 1.4% in the fourth quarter of 2021, down from 2.5% in both the third and second quarters last year, according to Labor Department data.

A separate agency report, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover survey, suggests that the rate of hiring among leisure and hospitality businesses improved in November after falling for three consecutive months.

But pay growth may still be accelerating in some industries. Retail-trade wages, for example, jumped to 2.6% in the fourth quarter from 1.6% and 0.9% in the third and second quarters, respectively.

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