© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: An employee in branded jacket walks past a part of Gazprom’s Power Of Siberia gas pipeline at the Atamanskaya compressor station outside the far eastern town of Svobodny, in Amur region, Russia November 29, 2019. REUTERS/Maxim Shemetov.
By Yoruk Bahceli
(Reuters) – Market-based inflation gauges are flashing red as the war in Ukraine threatens to exacerbate already high energy prices, pushing investors to seek protection in the inflation-linked bonds they had dumped since January.
Energy supply concerns fanned by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine lifted Brent crude above $105 a barrel and European gas prices have risen 50%-60% since the start of last week.
While safe-haven demand has benefited government bonds, soaring energy prices have driven bigger gains on European and U.S. inflation-linked debt, securities whose face value and interest payments rise in line with inflation.
“UK inflation has been very bid at the front end and that’s really just reflective of the front contract on the natural gas,” said Paul Rayner, head of alpha strategies at Royal London Asset Management.
Yields on British one-year inflation-linked bonds — or linkers as they are known — have fallen 80 basis points since the start of last week, touching a record low below -7% and at one point implying an inflation rate over 9%.
Bond yields move inversely with prices.
Before the war in Ukraine, the Bank of England had forecast that inflation would peak at a 30-year high of around 7.25% in April when a 54% rise in regulated household energy bills takes effect.
A related graphic: UK inflation-linked gilt and gas price: https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/gkplgaxodvb/uk%20linker%20and%20gas%20price.png
In Germany, the biggest consumer of Russian gas, the two-year inflation-adjusted yield — which strips out anticipated inflation — fell 60 basis points since the start of last week and implied an inflation rate as high as 3.7%, compared to 2.4% at the start of February.
U.S. moves are smaller, with yields on one-year Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) down around 20 bps.
Those declines partly reverse a surge seen from the start of the year, when expectations of significantly tighter central bank policy fuelled a linker selloff and U.S. and German 10-year real yields had risen 70 bps and 40 bps respectively by early February..
During the week through Feb. 23, TIPS received their first inflows in five weeks, BofA said, citing EPFR data.
Many caution that inflation rates implied by linkers are distorted by factors such as liquidity, central bank purchases and in Britain, huge pension fund demand.
But energy prices clearly risk aggravating record high inflation; Deutsche Bank (DE:DBKGn) estimates gas prices rising 50% and oil prices 20% would push European Union inflation to 5.7% in 2022, a percentage point above forecasts without a Russia-Ukraine conflict.
Growth would slow to 2.8%, well below the 4% predicted by the European Commission for 2022.
The European Central Bank’s chief economist has also told policymakers the conflict may reduce output by 0.3%-0.4% in a “middle scenario”.
“(Stagflation) has become clearly more likely,” said Patrick Krizan, senior economist at Allianz (DE:ALVG) in Munich.
That fear of a growth hit could slow central banks’ turn towards tighter post-pandemic monetary policy. The Bank of England might pare its next rate hike, while the ECB may delay making firm promises.
“What’s interesting in inflation-linked bonds… is you get exposure to the inflation risk and at the same time it’s almost a safe-haven asset, so I think it makes it doubly attractive,” Krizan at Allianz said.
A related graphic: German, UK breakevens: https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/zdpxokrzqvx/uk%20germany%20breakeven.png
Ukraine crisis-led gas price surge revives demand for inflation hedges